Students' narrative transportation through the video ad use in the classroom
Sónia Ferreira1*, Sara Santos2, Pedro Espírito Santo3
1Prof. Dr., Center for Studies in Education and Innovation, School of Education, Polytechnic of Viseu, PORTUGAL, email@example.com
2Prof. Dr., School of Education, Polytechnic of Viseu, PORTUGAL, firstname.lastname@example.org
3Prof. Dr., School of Technology and Management of Oliveira do Hospital, Polytechnic of Coimbra, PORTUGAL, email@example.com
It is recognized that teachers have sought to innovate their methods of presenting content and, today, they have at their disposal a variety of support resources that did not have before. These potentialities have changed the way classes are taught today and the dynamics are, in most cases, different from what existed a few decades ago. Among the resources available for teaching, exhibition of videos in the classroom seems to have very relevant effects, both on students' learning and on their greater involvement in activities. However, this is not always the case and the videos presented by teachers do not have the desired effects on students.
Thus, based on the assumption that greater immersion in video activates positive behaviors in classrooms, this study seeks to analyze, through a conceptual model, the antecedents of “Narrative Transportation” (immersion in video).
In this sense, a video was presented to 107 students from a degree in Advertising and Public Relations, whose narrative is based on fun. After the presentation of the video, data was collected through the application of a questionnaire.
Through a causal relationship model, the research work reveals that, in addition to the structure of the video narrative (Narrative Structure), the variable “Joy” (Fun) acts as one of the antecedents of “Narrative Transportation”.
These results thus suggest to teachers that the presentation of videos in the classroom, with narratives that involve fun and with clear structures, has benefits in immersing students in the content and narratives presented and in the involvement in the classroom.
Keywords: Narrative Transportation, video ad, education
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