SCHOOL BULLYING IN THE MIDDLE SCHOOL: COMPARISON OF VIOLENCE PREVENTION PROGRAMS
Assistant Prof. Dr., Bartin University, Department of Social work, Bartin / TURKEY, firstname.lastname@example.org
Many studies show violent behavior patterns increase during adolescence because peer pressure might encourage adolescents to bully or become victims, depending on environmental factors such as the relationship with their family members and friends. During adolescence, any action affects not only brain development but also emotional development. Early prevention programs might prevent or reduce aggressive and violent behavior in this period. This article critically compares two different school bullying prevention programs including the Olweus Bully Prevention Program (OBPP) and the Second Step Violence Prevention Program (SSPP). This comparison aims to prevent school bullying and to understand the implications in regard to short or long terms solutions and using cost-effective strategies to define the roles for school professionals. The focus of this article is on comparing different universal anti-bullying programs, such as the OBPP and the SSPP among the middle-school-age children. Making a comparison, each school has a different amount of priorities in terms of using the prevention program. The article contributes to debates about school violence prevention programs by highlighting the importance of the schools’ responsibility for selecting the best program for their students.
Keywords: bullies, adolescence, school bullying, prevention programs
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