ETHNIC TRADITIONS OF CHILDREN UPBRINGING IN THE CHUVASH FAMILY AND THEIR REFLECTION IN THE LANGUAGE
Klara Pushkina1, Natalia Nikolaeva2, Elena Chekushkina3, Ekaterina Yakimova4*
1Assoc. Prof. Dr., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, Klarafirstname.lastname@example.org
2Senior lector, Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, email@example.com
3Assoc. Prof. Dr., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
4Assoc. Prof. Dr., Chuvash State University, RUSSIA, email@example.com
Parental responsibility in the upbringing of children is often noted in the works of the oral folk art of the Chuvash people. Much is said about parenting in fairy tales, proverbs and sayings, it is sung about in the songs so much. Parents pass on their life, work and spiritual and moral experience to their children. The power of the parents' educational influence on their children is emphasized in proverbs and sayings.
Children adorn life, strengthen the family and give joy. It is a child of a happy family who can become a support of the family, a protector of the native land and a future worker.
Etnopedagogy pays a special attention to mothers in the upbringing of children. As E.I. Sokolnikova notes in her monograph, "a Chuvash woman in a family is a binding beginning, she completely determines the general spiritual and moral mood of the family". Special position of a mother in parenting is explained by the difficulties of caring for young children and the important role of the mother's school in shaping the younger generation.
People have always emphasized the role of the mother in raising her daughter. This idea is reflected in the proverb: "Arçyn acha ashshĕ çumne çypăçat: hĕracha - amăshĕ çumne" (The son goes to the father, the daughter to the mother).
Nowadays, it is very important for Chuvash women to realize their historical role in the implementation of national educational goals, in the preservation of customs, traditions, language (native tongue is called mother tongue not without reason), costumes and in passing them on to the younger generation.
The solidarity of the Chuvash family, the national model of the family, admiration of parents and elders, and working traditions allow to involve children in the common problems and concerns of the whole family from an early age. The Chuvash child prepares himself for a hard life from the early years by the example of his parents.
Even today, for the sake of their children's future, the Chuvash people are ready to make sacrifices; they sincerely protect their children from all kinds of inconveniences and deprivations, sometimes overprotecting them. Extreme care for children "Epir kurnine achasen kurmalla an pultăr" (What we had to endure, may our children not get it) sometimes hurt. However, adherence to family values, traditions, worldviews of Chuvash people most often allow them to find a way out of any difficult situation, to find their place in life. The Chuvash attitude to the role of father and mother in raising children is quite clear: "Chun parakan atte-anne mar: ăs parakan atte-anne" (Parents are not those who gave soul, but those who gave mind).
The intra-family relations, which are characterized by an atmosphere of cordiality, mutual care and human intimacy, are most fruitful for the harmonious development of the personality. A relationship in which the adult selflessly gives the child the wealth of his or her soul without demanding anything in return, and the child enriches the adult with the healing purity of his or her emotions, means for children closeness to their parents. That is why children feel the need for friendly intra-family relations, good fatherly and motherly influence. Children grow up happy and prosperous when their parents understand and support them.
The aim of this study is to identify and describe the characteristics of educational ethnic traditions in the Chuvash family, their reflection in the language and to reveal the views on family education traditions in modern Chuvash families.
Keywords: Chuvash family, traditions of upbringing, proverbs and sayings, parents, children, personality formation, folk pedagogy.
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