A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF RESEARCH ON MUSIC AND EDUCATION EFFICIENCY
Meryana Zuhair Haddad1* and Yee Mei Heong2
1Ph.D student in Education, Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia. Email: Haddadmaryana@yahoo.com.au. Email:email@example.com.
2Dr. Yee Mei Heong, Lecturer of Technical and Vocational Education,Faculty of Technical and Vocational Education, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM), Malaysia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
In order to address the inconclusive findings in the existing body of knowledge along with the inadequacy of studies, we undertook a critical review of literature to investigate the effect of music on education efficiency. A systematic search of the existing literature was conducted through the relevant scientific databases of ‘Google Scholar’, ‘Scopus’, and ‘Web of Science’, using the keywords: ‘Music Education’, ‘Education Efficiency’, and ‘Music Efficiency’. The search resulted in 7880 articles published between the years 2010 and 2020. Following a critical analysis, 43 publications were then used. The findings revealed that musical activities enhances students’ capacity to learn and impacts academic performances. In terms of contributions, this study primarily enriched the existing literature on music and education efficiency forwarding insights that could lead to a nuanced understanding of the subject matter. In terms of theory, this study employed a unique integrated theoretical approach, thereby contributing towards RBV, transfer of learning and the constructivist theory. Findings further extended that the effect of music on academic performance could be moderated by gender, age, family background, duration of training, type of training, instrument of training, absolute pitch, and availability of musical instrument at home. Results gathered from this study are hoped to generate significant insights and benefits for the main stakeholders of public primary education, particularly in the United Arab Emirates. The findings could be useful for all stakeholders to determine if musical education can affect and improve school efficiency by improving students’ academic achievements. Apart from enriching the current literature on music education, this study could guide the ongoing educational reforms that are taking place across the globe in a significant and timely manner.
Keywords: Music, Education efficiency, Systematic review, United Arab Emirates.
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