FORMATION OF STUDENT MOTIVATION TO THE CLASSES OF PHYSICAL CULTURE IN GROUPS OF GENERAL PHYSICAL TRAINING
Yagodin V.V.1, Senuk Z.V.2
The purpose of this article is to identify the problem of motivation formation for university physical education classes in groups of general physical training and to formulate proposals for its resolution.
The new federal standard of higher education adopted in Russia in 2018 prescribes the obligatory formation of universal competence among students "the ability to maintain an adequate level of physical fitness for professional and social activities". According to the standard, the university physical culture should be aimed at improving both the physical and spiritual components in the multilateral development of the personality of students. The humanistic paradigm in this aspect implies, in particular, a focus on taking into account the individual characteristics of each student not only in terms of his motor abilities, but also in terms of the personality traits (ideals, inclinations, interests, desires, drives, motives, needs, tastes, etc.).
At the same time, the present practice of higher education in Russia does not effectively provide the formation of physical culture of a student’s personality, its creative potential. The problem of students’ motivation to exercise is especially acute in groups of general physical training. At the same time, physical training in specialized groups in certain sports (for example, athletics, basketball, etc.) or physical exercises (for example, athletic gymnastics, fitness, etc.) cause students' interest and ensure their significant personal growth.
Motivation is considered as a psychophysiological process, which is a specific set of motives, and a motive as a psychological phenomenon, reflecting an individual has identified need. The concept of “reserves of motivation” is introduced, by, which is meant a group of positive and negative factors that have the potential to impact positively on motivation. All negative factors a priori should be considered reserve.
The article presents the results of study of students in groups of general physical training at the Ural Federal University regarding the factors of motivation to physical culture and their interpretation.
On the basis of the study, the authors formulate proposals on how to improve the motivation of students of the Ural Federal University to take classes in general physical training in physical education classes. The proposals formulated in the article can be proposed for implementation in the practice of all such groups in all universities of the country.
Keywords: motivation, physical education, general physical training, reserves of motivation.
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