The efficiency of using mnemonic techniques in teaching a foreign language
Olga Shcherbakova1*, Tatiana Cherkashina2, Maria Yakhno3, Irina Budanova4,
1Assoc. Prof., Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), RUSSIA, email@example.com
2Prof., Kosygin Russian State University, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
3Assoc.Prof., Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), RUSSIA,
4Assoc.Prof., Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), RUSSIA, email@example.com
5Assoc.Prof., Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
This article examines the possibility of using mnemotechnics as one of pedagogical technologies in foreign language classes (English and Russian). There are several areas of mnemonics: folk, classical, pedagogical, circus, sports, and modern. The author examines techniques related to pedagogical mnemonics.
The study of mnemotechnics as one of the pedagogical technologies is relevant, since, using mnemotechnic methods in the classroom, it is possible to make the process of memorising a large amount of information more effective, reduce the time allocated for explaining educational material and solve the problem of students interest in learning a foreign language.
The novelty of the study lies in the systematization of methods of mnemonics by language and speech aspects.
The purpose of the article is to select and describe the simplest and most effective mnemotechnic methods used in teaching phonetics, vocabulary, grammar, and speech skills at the initial stage of learning a foreign language.
The most effective methods, according to the author, are those that provide high quality knowledge and develop mental and creative abilities and cognitive activity of students. At the stage of developing phonetic skills, these include: letter, colour and sound associations as well as rhyming words. As for learning words, these are methods based on the students native language (complete, partial artificial phonetic associations, etymological analysis of words) as well as techniques based on the target language (abstract sound compatibility, separation of words into meaningful parts, word completion, using known information, and rhyming words). Among the methods that contribute to the development of grammatical skills, the following are productive: grouping words according to similar grammatical characteristics, searching for a keyword, and rhyming words. In the development of speech skills, the use of reference images is of special importance. References may be keywords, visual materials and syntactic models.
Key words: foreign language teaching, mnemonics, mnemotechnic method, efficiency.
|FULL TEXT PDF|