Marianna Ryabinina1, Tatiana Belyaeva2, Raisia Kudryavtseva3, Anna Kolyago4*

1Assoc. Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA,
2Assoc. Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA,
3Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA,
4Assoc. Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA,
*Corresponding Author


At the present stage of development of literary science the interdisciplinary research strategy, including the study of the axiological potential of fiction, is becoming increasingly relevant. This article highlights the problem of art embodiment of the family image in the Mari stories of the second half of the XXth century in axiological aspect.

The purpose of this article is to reveal the main family values and anti-value orientations of characters, the ways of their expression in art texts.

Thus, in the V. Ivanov’s story «Mother’s Heart» the author focuses his attention on the secret corners of the mother’s (Varvara Sadaeva’s) inner world, which are presented within a framework of her diary and letters, addressed to her son. The internal state of the mother is overwhelmed with loneliness, ignorance, fear, unhappiness and intolerable, strange expectation, but in spite of all this, devotion, loyalty to the family and husband remain the main value orientation for the woman.

The value orientations of the heroine, opening up through the process of comprehension of life by herself as perceived by the writer, are also tangible in A. Alexandrov-Arsak’s story «Bonds of hearts». The author presents to the reader numerous “secluded” monologues of forty-year-old Polina, emphasizing her inner tension. Quite unexpectedly, in the absence of her husband Peter, with whom she have lived for twenty years, she gets close to the new farm manager, Michu, whom she was fallen in love in the girlhood. The main subject of her inner experiences is the long-desired, and now quite real, expected motherhood. The heroine is tormented by conflicting emotions: on the one hand, to have a child for her, already elderly, it is joy, great family value, and on the other hand, the expected event causes pain and her pangs of conscience. Importance of these value strategies for the heroine and the unresolvability of this psychological situation lead her to ruthless condemnation of herself in a monologue-confession in violation of moral imperatives, which actually mean anti-values, namely, treason to the husband and family, sin, submission of passion.

Anti-values, related to the comprehension of the family life, to the greatest extent manifested in the A. Alexandrov-Arsak’s story «Fiance». The main character of the story is not ready to take responsibility and to start a family, to raise children; he cannot answer for his own actions. His reflection monologues, interspersed with memoir elements, are focused on understanding of his past life experience by himself.

Family discords, associated with different aspirations of a man and a woman, with different attitudes towards marriage, reveal in the G. Gordeev’s story «Before Dawn». For the male hero Igor, the young singer-musician, creative self-realization and self-affirmation become core values, the family is minor value for him.

In the course of the analytical work in regards to the research problem we denote such family value orientations of the characters of the Mari stories of the second half of the twentieth century as faithfulness and devotion to the husband, children, motherly heart, as well as universal human values, actualized in the context of family problematique (justice, beauty, truth, kindness, responsibility), which are opposed to anti-values (treason, physical passion, naivety, helplessness, levity, inability to make decisions independently and to take responsibility). The most popular form of their representation in a literary text is the direct form of the psychological image with its traditional methods of inner monologue and experienced speech, which receive wide realization in the stories.

Keywords: Mari story of the second half of the 20th century, art axiology, family values, value orientation, anti-values.


CITATION: Abstracts & Proceedings of SOCIOINT 2019- 6th International Conference on Education, Social Sciences and Humanities, 24-26 June 2019- İstanbul, TURKEY

ISBN: 978-605-82433-6-1