ANALYSIS AND SELECTION OF SPECIAL VOCABULARY FOR MASTERING IT BY STUDENTS IN NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY
Doctor of Philological Sciences, South Ural State Agrarian University, Russian Federation, firstname.lastname@example.org
The work is devoted to the analysis and selection of lexical material including terms, words and expressions related to the professional sphere; they are necessary for the acquisition by the students in a non-linguistic higher educational institution. In the age of numerous and diverse information, it is difficult to determine and restrict the required study material from the useless one, the most important information from the secondary one, the relevant developments from the outdated ones. In this regard, it is necessary to develop and follow certain criteria for the selection of lexical material, its adequate analysis in a particular area of knowledge and on this basis to present relevant material to students. At present, it is important to take into account the major changes occurring in professional spheres, follow the latest developments, consult with leading experts and scientific personnel who investigate problems in their professional field, write scientific articles, that is, be aware of the latest research and development. The main selection criteria for lexical material may be: expediency (selected lexical material adequately ensures the development of skills and abilities according to the program); correlation (correspondence of the material to the professional orientation of the students); quantitative adequacy (the average amount of vocabulary for acquisition during a certain time interval); functionality (correlation of lexical material with the possibility of practical application, that is, the ability to perform its function in the implementation of language activities that satisfy the objectives). The task of mastering special vocabulary by students implies the process of interaction, which will contribute to the adequate realization of the intentions of those who communicate in the professional sphere. To solve this problem, it is necessary to acquire appropriate language material. As practice shows, linguistic material is mainly assimilated by acquiring units of the language at the lexical level.
Keywords: Foreign language, university studies, vocabulary of professional sphere, vocabulary selection, vocabulary analysis, selection criteria.
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