ANTHROPOCENTRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS WITH COSMONYM COMPONENTS IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH
Svetlana L. Yakovleva1*, Ksenia Y. Vavilova2, Tatiana A. Soldatkina3
1Assoc. Prof., Mari State University, Russia, email@example.com
2Assoc. Prof., Mari State University, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
3Assoc. Prof., Mari State University, Russia, email@example.com
The object of the research is the phraseological units in the English and French languages with cosmonym components having an anthropocentric characteristic. The subject of the research is the semantic features of these phraseological units which carry the characteristics of a person and his/her activities. To achieve this goal, the following tasks are solved: 1) to study the concept of phraseology and phraseological units, identify the features and characteristics of phraseological units; 2) to conduct an ideographic classification of phraseological units with cosmonymic components in the English and French languages; 3) to perform a comparative analysis of the phraseological units in both languages and identify their similarities and differences. In the research, the following methods are used: a continuous sampling method; registration and processing of the obtained data; observation; analysis of each phraseological system and its specific features; a comparative analysis of the phraseological units in English and French. According to the results of a comparative analysis, it can be concluded that most of the phraseological units in the English language are concentrated in the “Human activity” group and in the “Man as a living and rational being” group in the French language. This shows that the attitude towards life of the British and the French people is different. Actions and deeds are the most important features in English phraseology of the group under analysis, while in French culture feelings and emotions are of greater importance.
Keywords: phraseology, phraseological units, English, French, cosmonymic components.
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