Elmira Esmaeelpour1, Fariba Ghatreh2*

 1Miss, Alzahra University, Iran, e.esmaeelpour@gmail.com
2Dr, Alzahra University, Iran, F.ghatreh@alzahra.ac.ir
*Corresponding Author


This paper makes an attempt to investigate the effect of bipolar mood disorder on the basis of using the lexical cohesion elements (that is, repetition, synonymy, antonymy, hyponymy, and collocation) in a case study approach based on the fact that approximately one percent of people suffer from this kind of affective disorder. Specifically, a large number of artists are afflicted by the very disorder presumably due to their creativity. The private letters of Sadegh Hedayat, mostly known as an Iranian eminent writer suffering from bipolar mood disorder, to Shahid Nourai, one of his friends, are selected as the material of the study. The addressee is kept fixed noticeably to remove the effective linguistic features. Sadegh Hedayat’s letters have been studied regarding mentioned linguistic elements in terms of two major bipolar mood disorder episodes (that is to say, hypomanic and depressive). In the study, all the letters related to hypomanic and depressive episodes are investigated using the elements of lexical cohesion. Furthermore, all the words on the basis of the elements with respect to various ties, i.e. immediate, mediate, and remote, are counted and the averages are evaluated using SPSS with the aim of finding any noteworthy result to discover whether specific psychological mood affects the use of certain lexical cohesion elements or not. Moreover, it explores whether there is any significant difference between bipolar mood disorder and schizophrenia on the basis of previous studies. The statistical analysis shows a highly significant difference concerning antonymy and hyponymy between hypomania and depression. No significant difference is found with respect to repetition, synonymy, and collocation. In addition, the results suggest that the text analyzed in the research is cohesive as regards bipolar mood disorder in contrast to those studies conducted related to schizophrenia.

Keywords: antonymy, bipolar mood disorder, hyponymy, lexical cohesion, schizophrenia.


CITATION: Abstracts & Proceedings of SOCIOINT 2019- 6th International Conference on Education, Social Sciences and Humanities, 24-26 June 2019- İstanbul, TURKEY

ISBN: 978-605-82433-6-1