SPACE-TIME IN THE CONTEXTUALIZED DISCOURSE AND ITS ROLE IN TEACHING ANALYTICAL READING
Prof, Dr., Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University, Adjara AR, Georgia, firstname.lastname@example.org
Analytical reading is one of the main aspects and basis of adequate text interpretation, which is a dynamic cognitive act on the part of the reader, who is supposed to be asking questions of the text as it unfolds. As Rudyard Kipling used to say: I keep six honest serving men; they taught me all I knew; their names are What, Why, When, How, Where, and Who. By answering these questions readers build their target world based on his/her background knowledge of the world in general and they are aware of how states and events are characteristically manifested in the texts.
After readers investigate "who and what", which coincides with the nomination and predication, main categories of a text, readers go on analyzing "why and how" all happened in the text. (Spheres of pragmatics and stylistics). On this level, the careful observer grasps the pragmatic intention of a text and constructs in his/her mind the fictional image. But the truth in most cases lies in details and the main clues to read the hidden ideas between the lines, on the super-verbal layer, a reader needs to observe "where and when" happened the main events, as well as to connect a prospective telling with a retrospective one to maintain continuity of the text.
Thus the goal of this article is to investigate fictional time and space, as one of the main categories of a fictional text – Its metrical and topological peculiarities compared with real (objective) time and space. The main outcomes are: 1. To help the students to realize how the theoretical issues of text Linguistics and discourse work in the context while doing the analytical reading. 2. To develop a new practical part, named "Text and Context" for the existing theoretical lecture course in Text Linguistics.3.To give more linguistic clues to the students for carrying the lingua-pragmatic and stylistic analysis of the texts.
Thus the novelty of a given article is stipulated by those observations and conclusions which have led us to reinterpretations of conventional statements about the 3-D Dimension of Chronotope, (subject-time-space = I-here-now) as well as to emphasize the role of chronotype (Bakhtin) in the contextualized discourse. Thus after acknowledging the three main categories of a text: Nomination, Predication, and Location, students will know how to carry out the analytical reading and interpret the text adequately. As a result, they will be able to defend their Bachelor's and Master's thesis successfully. The methodology of the given investigation is qualitative, Therefore the examples, taken from the fiction by the English and Georgian authors are analyzed through interpretations and categorizations. As a result, the methods used in this investigation are descriptive as well as a synthesis of content analysis.
Keywords: Text, Discourse, Interpretation, 3-D Dimension of Chronotope, Contextualized discourse.
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