LEADERS SPIRITUALITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL: A MODERATED MODEL
Khawar Sultana1*, Ambreen Taj2
1Ms, University of Management and Technology, PAKISTAN, firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Ms, HR Manager, Descon, PAKISTAN, email@example.com
Leaders can be an effective source of employees motivation to proactively respond to market dynamics and cope with the challenging demands of creativity and innovation. Employees who are better at developing psychological capital are more likely to develop the potential for such change-oriented professional demands. Scholars of positive organizational scholarship call for the further investigation of antecedents and outcomes suggesting new connections in order to develop process models for the major construct of psychological capital. Responding to this call and using the theoretical underpinning of dynamic capability this study has proposed a conceptual model suggesting predictive potential of spiritual leadership for psychological capital as a valuable organizational resource which has great motivational proclivity to develop advantageous performance outcomes. The authors further suggest Islamic work ethics of employees as an intervening variable in the capacity of a moderator with diligence and consciousness as main characteristics of Islamic Work Ethics. Hence, it is likely to contribute to the existing literature in the following ways: it addresses gap identified by a meta-analysis for exploring the formative variables for PsyCap only conceptually through its propositions; it suggests future dimensions. An empirical investigation of this study is likely to bring useful information for HR practitioners for guiding selection and recruitment decisions focusing on spiritual values of leaders, nurturing a culture of spiritual leadership and IWEs and developing employees psychological capital.
Keywords: Spiritual leadership, psychological capital, motivation, change-orientation, Islamic work ethic
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