THE AXIOLOGICAL PROBLEMATICS OF THE YURI BAYGUZA’S PLAYS
Tatyana Belyaeva1, Raisia Kudryavtseva2*, Marianna Ryabinina3, Larisa Kalashnikova4, Nadezhda Guseva5
2Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
3Assoc. Prof. Dr., Mari State University, RUSSIA, email@example.com
5Ph.D. candidate, Mari State University, RUSSIA, firstname.lastname@example.org
At the present time, when the structure and content of the axiosphere of society and the individual are transformed, values and value orientations are becoming increasingly topicality in various Humanities. The subject of this research is the value components of the problematics of the Mari writer Yuri Bayguza’s dramatic works. Their study allows seeing the main sense-making concepts of the objective reality of the Mari people in whole and the individual human person of the "post-perestroika generation". The analysis of the plays «Gold Duck» («Шöртньö лудо», 2002, the play is coauthored with Vasily Pekteev), «Silk Swing» («Порсын лӱҥгалтыш», 1993), «Dawn above the steep» («Поргем ÿмбалне ÿжара», 1999), «Today is the birthday» («Таче – шочмо кече», 2002), which are mostly philosophically directed, shows that the most important components of their problematics are the value characteristics of society, nation and man.
In the play «Gold Duck» Yuri Bayguza and Vasily Pekteev touch on the problem of the correlation of material and spiritual values in human life and nation life, raise the age-old question «Is happiness in the money?» The authors, addressing to the tragicomic situations, investigate modern life, national consciousness and behavior, argue that a person is grow scanty intellectually and morally in pursuit of wealth.
In the dramas «Dawn above the steep» and «Silk swings», ontological questions and universal values (the price of human life, the death of a loved one, a person in relation to nature) form the basis of the problematics, as well as such moral and ethical values (first of all, goodness in opposition with anti-value "evil"), people's worldview and religious values (faith, sin, benevolence). The title of the drama Yu. Bayguza «Dawn above the steep» is the key image symbol, which is giving philosophical depth to the work. It is the node to the author's conversation with the reader about the strength of kindness of heart and the limits of insidiousness, about the complex dialectics of connections between man and the world. The playwright presents in this work his own understanding of the value nature of the ancestral (tribal) and modern world.
In the philosophical drama «Silk Swing», in which the topical scenes, revealing the problems of modern reality, are combined with the reasoning of the author and characters about the ongoing struggle between good and evil, the unshakable value of goodness, humanity, personal freedom and creative spirit. In axiological projection the problems of man's spiritual wealth, his attitude towards God and person are also revealed.
In the psychological drama «Today is the birthday» the eternal family values (love, family happiness, trust, respect, understanding, consent, children, home) come to the fore. The play is structured as a monologue of the main heroine (the widow woman, who is alone bringing up son). The main plot situation has a borderline character (between the past and the future, when it is necessary to make a choice towards new love and full happiness), which not only aggravates the psychological intrigue of the work, but also allows the author to widely develop the philosophical narration, to take the lid off the playwright's values.
The structural-semantic and historical-genetic methods of research are used in the work.
Keywords: Mari literature, dramaturgy, Yuri Bayguza, problematics, values.
|FULL TEXT PDF|